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North Eastern Region

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Coordinator: Shariff Mohamed.

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Alternate Coordainator: Abdi kassim Rahoy North Eastern/ Mandera

.0724709069/ District peace committee

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PeaceNet membership from North Eastern; one of the eight administrative provinces in Kenya is drawn from Mandera, Wajir, Garissa and Ijara districts.

Lack of Pastoralist Development Policy Programme in Kenya is believed to have contributed largely to the general underdevelopment witnessed in the region, giving rise to intense competition for the scarce resources available and leading to conflict among the communities living in the area.

A large section of the inhabitants in the region are pastoralists, while few practice farming especially along the Tana and River Dawa in Garrissa and Mandera respectively

The region also experiences a spillover effect of the conflict between the militia groups in Somalia and Ethiopia. Key among them the infamous Al-shabab.

The provincial capital is the town of Garissa District
Formerly known as the Northern Frontier District (NFD), the North Eastern Province covers most of northeastern Kenya. The region is and has historically been primarily inhabited by ethnic Somalis

Somalis are an ethnic group located in the Horn of Africa, also known as the Somali Peninsula. The overwhelming majority of Somalis speak the Somali language, which is part of the Cushitic languages subgroup of the Afro-Asiatic languages language family.

The Somali communities residing in the Isiolo, Garissa

Wajir is another major town in North Eastern Province , Kenya and Madera District completes the major three towns.

History

Throughout much of the 20th century, the North Eastern Province used to be a part of British East Africa

British East Africa

British East Africa was an area of East Africa controlled by the United Kingdom in the late 19th century, which became a protectorate covering roughly the area of present-day Kenya....
. However, after the dissolution of the former British colonies in East Africa, Britain granted administration of the region to Kenyan nationalists despite a) an informal plebiscite demonstrating the overwhelming desire of the region's population to join the newly-formed Somali Republic

Led by the Northern Province People's Progressive Party (NPPPP), Somalis in the NFD vigorously sought union with the Somali Republic to the north. In response, the Kenyan government enacted a number of repressive measures designed to frustrate their efforts:

Somali leaders were routinely placed in preventive detention, where they remained well into the late 1970s. The North Eastern Province was closed to general access (along with other parts of Kenya) as a "scheduled" area (ostensibly closed to all outsiders, including members of parliament, as a means of protecting the nomadic inhabitants), and news from it was very difficult to obtain. A number of reports, however, accused the Kenyans of mass slaughters of entire villages of Somali citizens and of setting up large "protected villages" -- in effect concentration camps. The government refused to acknowledge the ethnically based irredentist motives of the Somalis, making constant reference in official statements to the shifta (bandit) problem in the area.

Climate and Habitat

North Eastern Province is the third largest province in Kenya and has thirteen constituencies represented in the Kenya National Assembly.

The region is home to a rare type of antelope called the Hirola
The Hirola is an antelope species found in arid grassy plains in a pocket on the border between Kenya and Somalia.

The climate of the North Eastern Province is semi-arid and hot. Rain falls infrequently, usually only around April or October, and quite sporadically from year to year. Combined with hot temperatures and extreme evaporation, this makes the region best suited to nomadic pastoralism based around the Arabian camel

The Dromedary camel is a large even-toed ungulate. It is often referred to as the one-humped camel, Arabian camel, or simply as the "dromedary."

There are no rivers of any significance in the region, though there are a few tributaries of the Jubba River

The Jubba River is a river in southern Somalia which begins at the border with Ethiopia where the Dawa River and Gebele River rivers meet, and flows directly south to the Indian Ocean, where it empties to the ocean at Goobweyn near the Somali border.

Irrigation is an artificial application of water to the soil usually for assisting in growing crops. In crop production it is mainly used in dry areas and in periods of rainfall shortfalls, but also to protect plants against frost based development, and pastoralists rely exclusively on wells to water their stock and for domestic use.

Districts

The following are districts to have been created after 2007

Fafi


Bura

Bura may refer to several different things:* In biology, Bura is a genus of beetles* Boura was an ancient city of Achaea, Greece* Bura, Tana River District, Kenya...

Garissa District

Garissa District is an Districts of Kenya in the North Eastern Province of Kenya. Its capital town is Garissa. The district has a population of 329,939 ....

Garissa
Garissa is a city in North Eastern Province , Kenya. It is the capital of the province and Garissa District. Garissa is located near . It has a population of 65,881 ....


Ijara District

Ijara is an administrative Districts of Kenya in the North Eastern Province of Kenya. On May 20, 2000, it was carved out from another and larger Garissa District....

Masalani

Mandera Central

El Wak

El Wak is a small city on the Somalia-Kenya border. It is located in Mandera District....

Mandera East

Mandera

Mandera is a town in North Eastern Province , Kenya. It is capital of the Mandera District. The town is located at around , near the borders with Ethiopia and Somalia....

Mandera West

Takaba

Takaba is a small town and principal settlement of the Soumpou in the Y?liman? Cercle in the Kayes Region of south-western Mali....

Wajir


Wajir is a town in North Eastern Province , Kenya. It is headquarter of Wajir District. The town is located at around . It has a population of 32,207 [1999 census]....

Wajir North

Bute
Bute may refer to:*Isle of Bute, Argyll and Bute, Scotland*County of Bute, also known as Buteshire, in Scotland*Bute, South Australia, a small town on the Yorke Peninsula, Australia...

Wajir South

Habaswein

Wajir West

Griftu